Vertical gardening in urban buildings is a trend that is on the rise in many new constructions due to its multiple benefits.
This vertical garden design trend has been progressively introduced into homes. Whether through unpretending or artificial gardens, the need to live in smaller spaces and to enjoy a small vegetable space both in indoor gardens or outdoor areas on balconies and terraces explains its use more and more at a personal level.
Benefits of a vertical garden design
Among the many benefits of creating a vertical vegetable garden/facade, we highlight the following:
- They help purify the air by providing oxygen and improving environmental quality.
- They reduce and regulate the ambient temperature of the place where they are located. Vertical gardening provides a notable improvement in thermal comfort.
- They promote biodiversity.
- They undoubtedly favor the aesthetics of the place, providing beauty and volume.
- They provide mental well-being.
- They are straightforward to install and care for, as they need less water and have better weed control.
- They are a perfect solution for houses with limited space.
- If they are placed on facades, it reduces noise from outside and pollution.
- They do not need topsoil and provide optimal drainage, preventing leaks.
What to keep in mind when setting up a vertical garden at home
When installing the green wall, we must take into account some details such as:
- Location in an area where we have access to a water supply and constant light (in the case of natural vertical gardens). On sweltering days like summer, a good practice is to protect the vegetation.
- The easily accessible site has greater control and better care.
- Use a vertical solid wall/wall to support the total weight of the vegetation we install. We will also use accessories designed for this, such as floating systems for vertical gardens or modular systems that allow you to put and remove the plants in your way. A structure for traditional vertical gardens is known as a lattice.
- Use the appropriate substrate for the plants we want to install (outdoor or indoor). The suitable substrate will ensure support, oxygen access to the roots, adequate water retention, and the necessary nutrients.
- Ensure enough space for plant roots.
- Irrigation: frequent and short, but in less quantity so as not to flood them (without pressure). In addition, we must ensure that all containers have a hole to drain and prevent water accumulation.
A vertical garden can be defined as a green wall in which a vertical wall covered with different species of plants is installed. The vegetation, which can be natural or artificial, is supported by a structure available in different sizes and used both for the exteriors and interiors of homes.